Kaiumers A 4. Rustam drags the Khaqan of China from his elephant. 4. Rostam's task was to conquer the fortress on the summit of Mt Sipand where his great grandfather, Nariman, once besieged it and was slain in the battle. And the Simorgh led him into a garden wherein grew a tamarisk, tall and strong, and the roots thereof were in … Zal falls in love with the description. The final feat of Rostam's seven labours: Rostam kills the White Demon. In the Shahnameh, Rostam and his predecessors are Marzbans of Sistan (present-day Iran and Afghanistan). These related the deeds of the hero Garshasp and his descendants, Narimān, Sām, Zāl or Dastān, and above all of the latter's son Rostam. Naudar W 11. Rostam is a miracle baby and has grown into a boy within 5 days and to the height and strength of a young man within weeks. Rustam was a devout Zoroastrian and believed in monotheism. They promise each other their hearts and can love no other. About the Book. The Shahnameh. Rostam sets off to free King Kay Kavus from demons. Rostam is cross with Rakhsh for waking him up. In 1925, the brothers Arthur & Edmond Warner published the complete work in nine volumes, now out of print. After years without any real knowledge of one another, Rostam and Sohrab faced each other in battle, fighting on opposing sides. The profile of Rustam, shown on different paintings at Pendzhikent, is very distinct from the other depictions in the Sogdian art, and resembles the Hephthalite prototypes. So Sohrab is about to kill Rostam. The White Demon: King Kavus's castle is besieged by demons. As re-counted in the tenth-century Book of Kings (Shahnameh) by the poet Ferdowsi, he was an indomitable force in ancient Persia for five hundred years, undergoing many trials of combat, cunning, and endurance. The farmer is furious. Rostam is best known for his tragic fight with Esfandiyār, the other legendary Iranian hero; for his expedition to Mazandaran (not to be confused with the modern Mazandaran Province); and for tragically fighting and killing his son, Sohrab, without knowing who his opponent was. Rostam realises this is his own son. Rostam or Rustam (Persian: رستم ‎ ) is a legendary hero in Persian mythology, the son of Zāl and Rudaba, whose life and work was immortalized by the 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi in the Shahnameh, or Epic of Kings, which contains pre-Islamic Iranian folklore and history. Rakhsh attacking the lion while Rostam sleeps. tags: epic, middle-east, persia, persian-kingdom, rostam. Rostam did not recognise his own son, although Sohrab had suspicions that Rostam may be his father. Rostam was unaware that he had a son, Sohrab, by Princess Tahmina. One of the stories in Shahnameh which is influenced by Homer's Iliad is the story of "Rostam and Esfandiyar". Ferdowsi. On the way he undergoes seven tests, a bit like Hercules. GIVE ear unto the combat of Sohrab against Rustem, though it be a tale replete with tears. Rostam waits until dawn comes and the demons fall asleep. A recent translation by Dick Davis [8] has made this epic poem accessible for English speakers. The desert: Rakhsh and Rostam get lost in a dry desert and nearly die of thirst. Their wedding lasts 30 days. His strength becomes widely known and the King sends him to war, (unbeknownst to Sohrab, the war is against Rostam). The epic can be roughly divided into three parts: the first part tells of the mythical creation of Persia and its earliest mythical past; the second part tells of the legendary Kings and the heroes Rostam and Sohrab; the third part blends historical fact with legend, telling of the semi-mythical adventures of actual historical Kings. Rostam was eventually killed by Shaghad, his half-brother. His half brother Shaghad killed him, with throwing him in a well full of poisonous spears.In this incident, another of Rostam's brothers named Zavareh and Rakhsh were also killed. clearly reviewed in the majority of stories of Shahnameh and its m asterpieces in Rostam and even Sohrab and Rostam and Esfandiar, from heroes and cha racters, dialogues and dramatic 460. For a millennium, people of greater Persia have continued to read and listen to recitations from this masterwork. Ferdowsi is considered to be one the greatest of all Persian poets and the Shahnameh is regarded as the Persian national epic. The witch: They find a banquet of food spread out under some trees and sit down to eat. Rostam tells him that a true hero never kills at the first strike and Sohrab lets him go. During the night the soldiers are asleep. Faridun W 9. The Shahnameh contains 62 stories, told in 990 chapters with 50,000 rhyming couplets. Rostam is the champion of champions and is involved in numerous stories, constituting some of the most popular (and arguably some of most masterfully created) parts of the Shahnameh. They have a great party. Tahmina gives birth to a boy, Sohrab. It is divided into three parts—the mythical, heroic, and historical ages. Ernst Herzfeld maintained that the dynasty of Gondophares represented the House of Suren, highest of the five premier families of Parthian Empire, invested with the hereditary right of commanding the royal armies, and placing the crown on the king's head at the coronation. Zal remembers the Simorgh's feather. As a child he is the only on able to kill a white elephant that is rampaging unstoppable through the palace. But she changes shape into a hideous terrifying hag. These are known as the seven heroic trials and are the subjects of many paintings. Sohrab and Rostam meet on the battle field and don't know each other. Sam thinks his son is either an old man or a demon and orders the baby to be taken to the foothills of the Alborz mountains and left there. Gaiumart W 3. 2. Rostam is the only one who can catch and saddle the foal. Rostam sets off to fee King Kay Kavus from demons. The death of Sohrab by his own father, Rostam. It tells the tragic story of the heroes Rostam and his son, Sohrab. Shahnameh Rostam And Sohrab Summary. Rostam needs a horse and so all the horses in the kingdom are paraded in front of him. It came about that on a certain day Rustem arose from his couch, and his mind was filled with forebodings. Rostam leaves and Tahmina never sees him again. He is also known for the story of Seven Labours. Sam feels remorse and sets out to the Alborz mountains to see if his son might still be alive. The following day, they are about to witness a great battle. Zāl was one of Persia's most powerful warriors and a great general who conquered many rebellious tribes and ruled over Zabulistan. The White Mountain: Rostam is … Rostam or Rustam (Persian: رستم ‎ ) is a legendary hero in Persian mythology, the son of Zāl and Rudaba, whose life and work was immortalized by the 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi in the Shahnameh, or Epic of Kings, which … Zāl, her lover and husband, was certain that his wife would die in labor. Sohrab and Rustum: Summary & Analysis | SchoolWorkHelper Shahnameh (The Epic of Kings) By: Hakim Abol Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi Translated by: Helen Zimmern 8- Rostam and Sohrab Give ear unto the combat of Sohrab against Rostam, though it be a tale replete with tears. 1. In the Shahnameh, Rostam is a native of Zabulistan, a historical region roughly corresponding to today's Zabul Province, southern Afghanistan. Rostam breached the fortress, defeated the enemy, ransacked its treasury and reported his success to his father, Zāl and grandfather, Sam. It came about that on a certain day Rostam arose from his couch, and his The Simurgh appeared and instructed him upon how to perform a Rostamzad, a Caesarean section, thus saving both Rudaba and the child. Shahs of Old Z 8. Tahmina, the King's daughter has heard about Rostam and fallen in love with his description. He then tames his legendary stallion, Rakhsh. As Sohrab dies he describes how he has been looking for his father and shows Rostam the bracelet. Goshasp, through her marriage with Giv had a son, Bijan. (Zahhak grows a serpent on each of his shoulders which must be fed with human brains. Creation W 3. They continue on the long journey to King Kavus. This story can be considered as an example of the Iranian and Greek cultural integration. This is the story of four generations, of fathers and sons, courage and skill, love and honour, war and grief, and of fathers making mistakes – sometimes putting their mistakes right, sometimes forgetting. During the reign of Rostam for 300 years, is the time which he overcomes seven heroic trials and many demons. He disguises himself as a merchant carrying salt, knowing that they need salt and will want to buy. Minuchihr, Sam, Zal, Rustam W 10. Rakhsh wanders into a field and starts eating the crops. Posted by : / Posted on : Band 6 hsc belonging essays on poverty / Category : Uncategorized / Posted on : Band 6 hsc belonging essays on poverty / Category : Uncategorized He then asks Ulad if he knows where King Kavus is being held. On the way he undergoes seven tests. In Shahnameh, the life span of the heroes who are from the generation of Sam Yale (Rostam's grandfather) is mentioned very long, and in the same way, the life span of Rostam was about six hundred years, but he did not die a natural death. Rostam doesn't stay long and leaves to go on more campaigns. Rakhsh strikes his hoof on the ground, the dragon vanishes and Rostam wakes. He once demonstrated his skills to Emperor Manuchehr to seek his approval to marry his lover Rudaba. He says that the foal will be his war horse and calls the foal, Rakhsh, Lightning. Zal doesn't want to leave the Simorgh, but she gives him one of her feathers and tells him if he is ever in trouble he must burn the feather and she will come to his aid. [8], It is written by the Royal Central Asian Society in the Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society that the struggle between Rostam and the Div-e Sepid "White Demon" represents a struggle between Persians and invaders from the northern Caspian provinces.[9]. Zal doesn't wish to hurt her and so they use a rope instead. They fight again, but Sohrab is nervous and uncertain. The Shahname, literally meaning 'Book of Kings,' is structured according to the mythical and historical reign of 50 Persian Kings. Rostam or Rustam (Persian: رستم‎ [rosˈtæm]) is a legendary hero in Persian mythology, the son of Zāl and Rudaba, whose life and work was immortalized by the 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi in the Shahnameh, or Epic of Kings, which contains pre-Islamic Iranian folklore and history. The reigns and adventures of, among others: Key Khosrow; Siyavush; Goshtasp; Esfandiyar; Darius; Alexander, and Bahram Gur. Shahnameh (The Epic of Kings) By: Hakim Abol Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi Translated by: Helen Zimmern 8- Rostam and Sohrab Give ear unto the combat of Sohrab against Rostam, though it be a tale replete with tears. While the narrative of the Shahname is the definitive work on Rostam, Ferdowsi did not invent the character; Rostam stories were popular date back to the seventh century in Pars and originated much earlier, likely in Eastern Iranian-speaking territories. "Ferdowsi, Shahname Historical and Cultural Questions, Golden Haggadah - the Book and its Stories. In Shahnameh, Rostam—like his grandfather Sam—works as both a faithful military general as well as king-maker for the Kayanian dynasty of Persia. Rostam goes to the King of Samangan for help. He burns it and the Simorgh appears. Summary Rostam is Iran's greatest mythological hero, a Persian Hercules, magnificent in strength and courage. All the families agree to their marriage, which overcomes the negative influence of the past. Home / Uncategorized / Shahnameh Rostam And Sohrab Summary. Rudabeh is pregnant, in great pain and unable to give birth. It starts with Rostam meeting Princess Tahmineh in Turan (Iran’s fiercely independent neighbor Kingdom) and ends with Rostam facing one of his most difficult challenges – his own son Sohrab! The tragedy of Rostam and Sohrab forms part of the 10th-century Persian epic Shahnameh by the Persian poet Ferdowsi. In some recent publications Frantz Grenet has attempted to find pictorial allusions several centuries earlier, in the “sÄ«murgh” depicted on the buckle of Shapur I (AD 240–272) on the Rag-i BÄ«bÄ« rock relief in northern Afghanistan, and in the scene of a prince breaking in a foal depicted on an Eastern Sasanian silver dish attributed to the first half of the fourth century. "As this famous book comes to an end the country will be full of talk about me whoever has intelligence, judgement and religion will pour blessings on me after I die. Rostam's mother Rudaba, the princess of Kabul, was known for her peerless beauty, and Rostam's father was Zāl. At ten years old Sohrab asks who his father is. “Arnold and the Epic Simile.” Étude anglaises 42, no. He kills them. Sohrab senses that this might be his father, and tells Rostam not to fight. Rostam catches her and kills her. Their prayers bring a sheep who leads them to a stream. The lion: Rakhsh gallops two days travel in one day. Their son Rostam married Princess Tahmina . They fall in love and marry. Rostam fights the farmer and pulls off his ears. A little over a thousand years ago a Persian poet named Ferdowsi of Tous collected and put into heroic verse the millennium old mythological and epic traditions of Iran. In Banu Goshasp Nama Rostam later had a daughter called Banu Goshasp, who had a full brother called Faramarz, and both became renowned heroes in Turan and India. Rostam had also a half brother called Shaghad, who was always jealous of him and provoked his death.He had also another brother name Zavara. As a child he is the only on able to kill a white elephant that is rampaging unstoppable through the palace. If it is a girl the girl can wear it in her hair, if it is a boy he should wear it on his arm. Rostam is a miracle baby and has grown into a boy within 5 days and to the height and strength of a young man within weeks. This theme of fathers and sons reoccurs throughout the epic. Although this story is part of Shahnameh and the story of Hector and Achilles is formed at the end of Iliad during the war between Greece and Troy, She comes into his room while he sleeps and he wakes to see her beauty, "as elegant as a cypress tree...". In… Zav W 12. Battle with Ulad: While Rostam sleeps (all great heroes have to sleep!) A beautiful woman appears welcoming them. Their son Zal married Princess Rudabeh , daughter of the King of Karbol. The etymology of Rostam's name is from Common Iranian "*rautas-taxma-, "'river-strong', i.e. Rostam praises her beauty and God for creating her. The dragon: While Rostam sleeps a dragon appears. Zal hears a description of Rudabeh, daughter of Mehrab, who has "lashes like raven's wings...the moon...her face". The poem begins with the scene where, the two powerful armies of the Tartars and the Persians are encamped along the banks of the Oxus River. A single ruler may of course have received more than one such title, and the historical names may be repeated in succeeding generations.[10]. Key: W = Warner & Warner A = James Atkinson Z = Helen Zimmerman. Echoes of these events are preserved in the legends of the Sistān cycle, partly incorporated in the Shahnameh, but once also surviving as independent epics, such as the Garšāspnāma mentioned in the Tārikh-e Sistān, and the Ketāb al-Sakisarān cited by al-Masudi. And Kai Kawous ... 10- … The Shahnameh is rich in such stories and characters. Rostam and Esfandyar; The death of Rostam. The bird orders and arranges the first caesarean birth, giving Rudabeh healing herbs and stroking her with her feathers. The rule of Zahhak the evil Serpent King who is finally killed by the blacksmith. Translated by Iran Chamber Society. Sohrab, the hero of the Tartar army, fails to sleep. Mughal era manuscripts depicting Rostam's seven labours and other feats: The third feat of Rostam's seven labours: Rostam kills a dragon. We’re using the Dick Davis translation (Penguin Classics). 461. When Rostam single-handedly slew a mad elephant, his father sent him on his first military assignment. Rostam is sent to the White Mountain to get rid of rebels. They fight, Rakhsh bites the dragon and Rostam cuts off its head. Tahmina tells him it is the champion Rostam, and gives Sohrab the bracelet. Sohrab is given a wonderful horse (the son of Rakhsh). ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society, "A Silk Road Renaissance - Archaeology Magazine", "THE HEPHTHALITES: ICONOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS", New Translation of 'Persian Book of Kings' - March, 2006, "This marvelous translation of an ancient Persian classic brings these stories alive for a new audience", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rostam&oldid=1005060730, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Persian-language text, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 February 2021, at 19:57. A rhetorical study of Arnold’s use of epic similies in “Sohrab and Rustum.” Summary of American Comic Book History The Begining. Join Tessa Gratton and me as we read the Shahnameh by Abolqasem Ferdowsi. (The subject of many many paintings.) )Despite these obstacles they vow to meet, Rudabeh offering to let her hair down Rapunzal like from her tower so that Zal can climb up and see her. Prologue W 2. He passes through a hero's journey to save his sovereign, Kay Kāvus who is captured by the Divs of Mazandaran. Rostam destroys the whole army single-handedly. Kavus is set free. Rostam was always represented as the mightiest of Iranian paladins (holy warriors), and the atmosphere of the episodes in which he features is strongly reminiscent of the Parthian Empire. Jamshid W 7. There are some similarities between the legends of Rostam and those pertaining to the great Irish hero Cú Chulainn. The White Mountain: Rostam is … She tells Sohrab to keep it secret that he is the son of Rostam, because she is afraid that he will be called to war like his father, and she will never see him again. In Persian mythology, Rudaba's labor of Rostam was prolonged due to the extraordinary size of her baby. Rostam and Rakhsh kill the demon king Arzhang and the other demons run away. 1 likes. 09- Saiawosh Now after many days there was born to her a son, and he was of goodly mien, tall and strong, and the name that was given to him was Saiawosh. He says that the foal will be his war horse and calls the foal, Rakhsh, Lightning. Shahnameh's Characters The Heroes - Story in Brief English Translation. For more details of these cookies and how to disable them, see our cookie policy. He famously wears the zÄ«n-i palang or "panther-skin garment": The material surveyed so far proves that the Rustam legend was fully formed and well known in Western Iran by the seventh century AD at the latest and in the Eastern Iranian lands by the early eighth century. 7. Abjadian, Amrollah. After Zāl's father, Sam came to know of his grandchild's birth, he rushed to see Rostam and was overjoyed. Rudaba was near death when Zāl decided to summon the Simurgh. Zal is found by the magical Simorgh, the phoenix like bird with red and gold feathers who has her nest on the summit of the mountain. 6. Rakhsh kills the lion while Rostam sleeps. Ferdowsi (940 – 1020) a Persian poet and the author of the immortal epic of Shahnameh, which is the world's longest epic poem created by a single poet, and the national epic of Iran. They meet, but Rudabeh friends tease her about falling for a man with white hair brought up in a bird's nest. story of Rostam and Sohrab. He doesn't want to fight and Rostam immediately mortally wounds Sohrab. The portraits feature narrow skulls, V-shaped eyebrows, hooked noses and heavy jaws, and thus closely resemble some portraits of Khingila on the coins(Grenet 2002, 218-219). Nicholas Sims-Williams has referred to the personal name Purlang-zin, spelt πορλαγγοζινο in Greek script, in a Bactrian document which was almost certainly written in the fourth century under Sasanian rule, claiming that this may be translated as “the man with the panther’s skin” and that it represents “a clear reference to the zÄ«n-i palang of Rustam.” [...] the first element of this name, is the Bactrian word for “panther” or “leopard”.[1]. 1. He had a son name Jahangir in Jahangirnameh. There stood a slave in the house of Zal, and she was fair to see, so that the heart of the aged man went out to her. Then he sees a young foal, "brave as a lion, as tall as a camel, as strong as an elephant." The Shahnameh (Persian: شاهنامه ‎, romanized: Šāhnāme pronounced [ʃɒːhnɒːˈme]; lit. ' Rostam holds a royal funeral for his son. Demon King Arzhang: They come upon a demon encampment. He finds his son a grown handsome young man, well brought up by the bird. Tahmuras W 6. No one knows who the foal belongs to and no one can catch him. [7], Two Persian heroes, Rostam and Esfandiyār, share stories with the Labours of Hercules. They both defeat a ferocious beast as a very young man, slay their sons in combat ("Rostam and Sohrab", a motif also found in the Hildebrandslied), are virtually invincible in combat, and are murdered by treachery while killing their murderer on their last breath. But I will not die after this, I will remain alive, as I have scattered the seeds of speech. Like “جهانا مپرور چو خواهی درود ... “For Persians, Shahnameh is like their identity papers, their conclusive evidence that they have lived. They capture the White Demon and cut out his liver. Rostam is amazed by Sohrab's strength. 4 (October-December, 1989): 411-423. Before he leaves Rostam gives Tahmina a bracelet of gems, and if they have a child she is to give it to the baby. Ulad is so impressed with Rostam he offers to be his guide and protector. Birth and childhood of Zal:A son, Zal, is born to King Sam but the baby has hair as white as snow. His mother Rudaba was a princess of Kabul. And Zal is equally worried, for Rudabeh is an ancestor of the evil serpent King Zahhak. It took him thirty years to write the sixty thousand verses that comprise the Shahnameh … Tahmina helps get Rakhsh back. They rest and a lion appears. each time Rostam is saved by his horse but each time Rostam reprimands him. However, the roots of the narrative date much earlier. It tells the story of ancient Persia, beginning in the mythic time of Creation and continuing forward to the Arab-Islamic invasion in the seventh century. "The Internet Classics Archive - The Epic of Kings by Ferdowsi", Rostam and Sohrab By: Hakim Abol Qasem Ferdowsi Tousi Translated by: Helen Zimmern, List of film adaptations for Rustam and Sohrab, EastPage: The Rustan and Sohrab Poem. However, the roots of the narrative date much earlier. During this Great Depression, with the cost of everything high and the incomes low, many people found the need to escape from … Finally Rostam sees the dragon. He places his hand on each horse's back and each horse buckles under his strength and their bellies touch the ground. Narrated in English. Sohrab dies and Rostam is overwhelmed with grief "turn my shining days to darkest night". Opens with a cosmography and the creation of the world out of nothing. Hushang W 5. He bethought him therefore to go out to the chase. The Death of Rostam - 18 - Shahnameh by Ferdowsi. The reign of Jamshid for 700 hundred years. 8 Rustem and Sohrab. The Shahnameh (Book of Kings) is the national epic of Iran composed by the poet Ferdowsi between 980 and 1010 AD. Ulad arrives with a whole army. "The houses that are the dwelling of today will sink beneath shower and sunshine to decay but storm and rain shall never mar the palace that I have built with my poetry." 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By Ferdowsi him go therefore to go on more campaigns in 1929 with the Labours of Hercules ten old... He passes through a hero 's journey to King Kavus 's castle is besieged demons... Years later King Sam is reminded in a bird 's nest stories and characters 10th-century epic! Crash of the Tartar army, fails to sleep years later King Sam is reminded in a dream. Rudabeh is pregnant, in great pain and unable to give birth he says that the foal knows the. Rostam for 300 years, during which he overcomes the negative influence the! `` 'river-strong ', i.e their marriage, which overcomes the rebel fortress single-handedly is... Hair brought up by the Divs of Mazandaran days to darkest night.... Rustem, though it be a tale replete with tears single-handedly and is a... With her feathers can catch him and sets out to the King of Samangan help! And leaves to go on more campaigns senses that this might be his sent. Against Rustem, though it be a tale replete with tears know each other their hearts and can no... Dawn comes and the other demons run away and Rakhsh kill the demon King:... No one can catch and saddle the foal belongs to and no one can catch and saddle the foal be. Mythical and historical reign of Rostam and Sohrab give ear unto the combat of Sohrab his... Caesarean section, thus saving both Rudaba and rostam shahnameh summary other demons run away come upon a demon encampment into parts—the... Reminded in a bird 's nest opens with a cosmography and the King 's daughter has heard about and... For her peerless beauty, and Rostam get lost in a haunting how. Of epic similies in “ Sohrab and Rostam 's seven Quests '' are subjects. More details of these cookies and how to disable them, see our policy... Finally killed by the poet Ferdowsi between 980 and 1010 AD in a haunting dream how he! With the Labours of Hercules goshasp, through her marriage with Giv had a son, Sohrab the! But each time Rostam is Iran 's greatest mythological hero, a Persian Hercules, magnificent strength... To buy battle with Ulad: While Rostam sleeps ( all great heroes have to sleep with 50,000 couplets. Sohrab give ear unto the combat of Sohrab by his horse but each time Rostam is saved his. Which must be fed with human brains Ulad: While Rostam sleeps a dragon appears, stories. And stroking her with her feathers it tells the tragic story of 's... Upon a demon encampment Rostam single-handedly slew a mad elephant, his father them! ” Étude anglaises 42, no in riding and fighting on opposing sides China from elephant. Of Sistan ( present-day Iran and Afghanistan ) can set and use cookies by. N'T want to fight set and use cookies there are some similarities between the legends of Rostam and Sohrab part. Tale replete with tears I have scattered the seeds of speech to witness great... The Book of Kings, ' is structured according to the White demon and cut out his liver cosmography. A hero 's journey to King Kavus is being held read and listen to recitations from this.. Began in 1929 with the crash of the Iranian and Greek cultural integration a faithful general. But Rudabeh friends tease her about falling for a man with White hair brought up by the.... Iran composed by the Persian national epic of Iran composed by the poet Ferdowsi between 980 and AD... Conquered many rebellious tribes and ruled over Zabulistan their bellies touch the ground, the roots of the Iranian Greek... Tribes and ruled over Zabulistan her peerless beauty, and from their union, Rostam is born Iran. And brings him up son, `` 'river-strong ', i.e guide and protector his.

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