Subscribe to Dr. Alice Boyes' articles. The ability to easily shift perspective and recognize when the rules change allows us to think in … “Students need explicit instruction and opportunities to practice the flexible thinking that will make the most of their brains’ fertile adolescent development stage,” writes neurologist and educator Judy Willis. Ozobot is a robotic platform that empowers coding & STEAM education for K–12. August 20, 2019 by SharpBrains _____ Ready to test your con­cen­tra­tion pow­ers and cog­ni­tive flex­i­bil­i­ty? Cognitive Flexibility: Cognitive flexibility is the ability to think flexibly and to shift perspectives and approaches flexibly. Flexible Thinking and Math. 9,486,713 and 9,545,582. The unique anatomy and chemistry of this transitional state comprises increased dopamine receptors and accelerated neuroplasticity. defined as the ability to switch one’s thinking (cognition) (or train of thought) as an adaptation to the demands of stimuli Cognitive Flexibility Training and Activities. The neural basis of cognitive flexibility has been studied during many periods of development, including early childhood. Even her advanced students thought it was considerably harder and more frustrating to have to think in a different way to defend a side that they had previously spent 20 minutes building arguments against. Test your cognitive flexibility with this fun brain teaser. The quicker you’re able to shift from one perspective to another, the greater your cognitive flexibility. The Cognitive Flexibility Theory was introduced by Spiro and Jehng in 1990. Like any other skill, cognitive flexibility can be improved if you work at it and practice. Younger learners can practice sorting (similar to the playing card example used earlier), while teens can start journaling and volunteering to collect their thoughts and face new situations. For example, in the game of Chutes and Ladders, you can reverse the rules where you slide down the ladders and go up the chutes. She explains that the young brain is more open to exploration, passion, and interest than older brains. This involves being able to take different perspectives, shift priorities and redirect attention from one thing to another. These include: A new situation might be something small — like a milk carton spilling at lunch — but it requires students to think about how they should handle the situation and move on. It helps facilitate the daily social interactions between people as well as in finding solutions to real world problems that commonly have more than one solution. Flexible thinking is the ability to quickly switch gears and find new ways to solve problems. They recommend maintaining a structured classroom schedule and minimizing change so as not to overwhelm students. Consider speaking individually to a student who has difficulties with flexibility, and explain to them the schedule for the day to ensure they understand. Cognitive flexibility has associations with cognitive therapy (CT), developed by renowned psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck. Shifting, or cognitive flexibility, is one of the key components of executive function and a cornerstone of the SMARTS program. It is difficult for concrete learners to let go of what they learn and imagine or follow logical reasoning to devise a new solution. They also share the food with others or store it for later, showing proof of significant social circles and future planning. Luckily, there are a lot of fun ways we can teach children these skills — in fact, many of these are probably games you already play! Link relevant concepts together. Imagine this: The school sends out class schedules right before the new school year. Practice thinking creatively. People who are cognitively flexible are … This process is crucial for students’ ability to learn new concepts. Two subcategories of cognitive flexibility are task switching and cognitive shifting, depending on whether the change happens unconsciously or consciously, respectively. The ability to see the different ways of doing things and understanding when certain options are best displays cognitive flexibility. Have a structured predictable classroom schedule, as much as possible. Cognitive flexibility refers to the brain’s ability to transition from thinking about one concept to another. Help them learn how to switch gears quickly and find new solutions to problems when circumstances change without warning. This reflects their level of cognitive flexibility. Building the Skillsets for Cognitive Flexibility Students need explicit instruction and opportunities to practice the flexible thinking that will make the most of their brains' fertile adolescent development stage. 2. All eLearning content should feature interconnected knowledge … Slow processing speed can also play a role in being able to quickly switch gears and think of solutions. Below is a list of possible strategies to support students with cognitive flexibility issues. Flexible thinkers let go of their first thought to make a correction. August 20, 2019 by SharpBrains _____ Ready to test your con­cen­tra­tion pow­ers and cog­ni­tive flex­i­bil­i­ty? “It’s grounded by our goals and aspirations and a balance between control and spontaneity. Various therapeutic approaches have a record for bringing about flexible cognition, with CT being among them. Are you wondering how to develop flexible thinking in children? Challenge Students to Play Games Differently. An important part of gaining control over your repetitive thoughts is to … While some games falsely claim to improve cognitive skills, these three games have actually proven to help users boost memory, inhibition, and cognitive flexibility, the new research shows. Kids use it to find ways to solve … Everyone has different abilities, but teachers can create a classroom in which all students can improve their cognitive flexibility. Rather than react with negativity to the student who is unmotivated , a cognitively flexible educator will look for the root causes of the student’s behaviors and work to find solutions. Actually, obtaining greater cognitive flexibility helps children learn, both in and out of school. Flexible thinking provides the foundation for creative brain processes. Let’s use household chores as an analogy for cognitive flexibility. They can be taught to see a situation, such as misusing a word, as something other than an error. 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