So for one, the engineers themselves need to show that they can actually contribute, in other words, manufacture things locally. For the extended model, control variables and process restrictions have been identified. See Table 7. Like oil, water is also now viewed through the prism of scarcity. Why is local sugar more expensive that foreign sugar? For full condensing, when operating during the off-crop season, a thermal efficiency of 37.57% is achievable. Traditionally, sugarcane has been harvested by hand requiring the elimination of leaves by combustion in the fields. As I sit here, I am not saying that there isn’t anything more to do in terms of the efficiency of the process. There is even production of ethanol, an ecology friendly and renewable energy for blending with petrol. The way I look at it, is that if you don’t get to into university it is as if your growth is stoped and for us to really open up the field of industrialization we need technical skills and we need those technical institutes. Mechanical engineers play key roles in a wide range of industries including automotive, aerospace, biotechnology, computers, electronics, microelectromechanical systems, energy conversion, robotics and automation, and manufacturing. dawning the role of the mechanical engineer. Analysis indicates that introduction of bagasse drying, improvements in steam utilization and boilers operation; could secure savings of 30 – 40%in bagasse (0.3 – 0.4 million ton per year), with simultaneous elimination of fuel oil firing. Addressing Kenya‘s Water and Sanitation Challenges; An Interview with Eng. At one time ethylene for polymerisation was obtained largely from molasses, a by-product of the sugar industry. Responsibilities. About the Industry; Competencies; Resources; FAQ; Back to Solar Career Map; Materials Scientist; Environmental Engineer ; Mechanical Engineer. These are the things that are going to have a big impact on how people grow, engineers included. Thank you,Bayt.com Upvote (0) Downvote (0) Reply (1) Answer added by Deleted user 7 years ago . Low grade coal can be used for cement manufacturing, but it will need high-grade limestone for good quality cement. It is perhaps the most diverse of engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers will also remain involved in various manufacturing industries, particularly in automotive manufacturing. The reason sugar purchased from abroad is cheaper than locally produced sugar lies in the cost of production. The report gives an exhaustive cost analysis along with the pricing practices. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444634283502423, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080453125500406, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012804534300001X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080254074500466, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845697952500167, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080446615500076, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1570794602801274, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128095973003412, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444634283503441, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780750641326500516, 26th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, Victor C. Geraldo, ... Rubens M. Filho, in, Modelling Bagasse Electricity Generation: An Application to the Sugar Industry in Zimbabwe, Proceedings from the International Conference on Advances in Engineering and Technology, Jorge L. Donzelli, ... Natalia de Campos Trombeta, in, BIOMASS (BAGASSE) SAVINGS THROUGH ENERGY CONSERVATION IN SUGAR FACTORIES, Carlos E. Quevedo Ph.D., Jan Jasiewicz Dr. I would add that for Mumias this might not be a major issue because of the technological advances we have been able to implement here and the level of automation that lowers our cost of production. From molasses may be obtained ethyl alcohol and this may be dehydrated to yield ethylene. Enhancing the studies in this field allows promoting more detailed technical evaluation to build a suitable simulation tool. It is a hybrid model, consisting of batch and continuous vacuum pans and intermediate storage buffers. P.S. All of the preceding is going to be used in an operator-support system, which helps the operator in making decisions, i.e. Losses of flash-steam, vapors and boilers blow-down. These are used to separate the sugar and the mother liquor from the crystalline suspension. Mechanical engineering emerged as a field during the Industrial Revolution in Europe in the 18th century; however, its development can be traced back several thousands of years around the world. An extended discussion of energy and water management in the sugar industry was provided by Urbaniec and Klemeš (2008). (MKF 6) Dual Pricing System is adopted in the Indian sugar industry, which includes sugar price in Public distribution system and the free sale sugar price. If you are interested in recent engineering challenges, learn more about them in our recent challenges section. The authors point out that in recent decades, the world output of sugar has tended to exceed the demand, causing a decrease in investments in new sugar factories. The company has a rich history; it began in 1973 as a small factory and over the years, it has undergone several upgrades to improve its capacity as well as its technology for processing cane into sugar. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering branches.. Description of tools and techniques learned. Cost of production is the problem. The bagasse power plants output in Zimbabwe can be maximized for a given amount of heat energy that can be transferred from bagasse to steam. Powdered sugars are used as icing sugar in baking and confectionery. (According to Payscale.com) Work Schedule: Project-based. Construction of Sh3.9 billion Juja road finally begins. -The investment required, will be moderate. With backgrounds in mechanics, dynamics, and mathematics, would-be marine engineers usually have the knowledge and technical skills to excel in the mechanical and electrical realms. What will mechanical engineers do after automobiles become mostly electric and electronic? Graduate Mechanical Engineer Preferably From Sugar Industry Background Jobs. An analysis has been provided on the relationship between Indian and international sugar prices. What is going to happen is that we will probably begin to employ graduates into technician level work and again this may or may not be good for them. The specific energy consumption value in the whole sugar industry, averaged 6600 Kcal/ Kg sugar, in 1979. Previously there used to be technical training institutes that would bring up those who could not get into a university and they would end up either in the industry. Over the long term, the importance of shipping and trade to the global economy, combined with the close relationship between maritime transportation and energy supplies, should sustain demand for marine engineers. In turn, Brix profile is a new approach proposed to assess extraction through the analysis of the sugar distribution in the cane bed. My role as an internee. Introduction of Ray-Hans Precision Tools Private Limited. The Brix curve is the main indicative of extraction performance applied by the sugarcane mills. Tell us more about the factory for which you work, and your experiences from the beginning of your career here and the major changes you have seen take place. Question: What is the scope of a Mechanical Engineer in healthcare industry? In addition, when I joined the company I discovered or rather we found that most of the operations and processes were manual, so to improve efficiency, one of the things we introduced was automation. It was estimated in 1997 that by the turn of the century 185 million tonnes of ethylene would be consumed annually on a global basis but that at the same time production of polyethylene would be about 46 000 000 t.p.a., i.e. Kenya Engineer. Experiences in Mauritius have shown that boilers operating at 82 bars and 525 °C are feasible fired by bagasse during the on-crop season and by coal during the off-crop season. We need to revive the technical training institutes because I believe that not everybody will be able to get into university. Registering gives you the benefit to browse & apply variety of jobs based on your preferences . The activities carried out in construction works (of a house here) are highly dynamic in nature. Table 4 presents the results of a bagasse power plant that consists of a boiler set at various pressures between 10 bars and 200 bars, while exhausting steam for sugar processing during the on-crop season. To keep up is a bit expensive and the only way to properly address this challenge is by adequately training the people who are here so that they can be able to support whatever system we have for at least five years, but otherwise it is very expensive trying to keep up with technology itself. KIHBT Bridging the Technical Skill Gap in the Infrastructure Sector. Process of sugar making in an industry & the role of chemical engineer in it. Ad Muller, in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 2002. Since impurities can affect both the polymerisation reaction and the properties of the finished product (particularly electrical insulation properties and resistance to heat aging) they must be rigorously removed. The fibre in the cane is generally sufficient to enable bagasse produced during milling to supply all the steam necessary for power production and manufacture. It is not that engineers are always in overalls and work hidden somewhere by a machine; the opportunities are there for very good and performing engineers to rise up to the top and lead successful companies. Different Roles, Different Names. In actuality, they are some companies that will be forced to be more efficient; in fact, most will be forced to be more efficient. It takes 200–450 kg of coal to produce 1 t of cement. The model was then extended with hybrid Batch-MPC in order to optimize the energy management system. They can work in a range of different industries such as oil and gas, mining, water treatment and food processes. UP sugar industry accounts for more than 25% of Indian sugar production and is mainly comprised of private mills. Extraction of humic acids from low rank coals are used in agricultural waste water treatment and other applications. Aerospace engineers and mechanical engineers both work on the development and construction of equipment and devices. It’s worth noting that current schemes in Kenya are 100% rain fed. Among the industries using coal, the largest consumers are chemical manufacturers, cement industry, sugar industry, users of stone, clay and glass, paper mills, primary metal industries, pharmaceutical and the food industries. Water has sometimes been called “the new oil” due to its centrality to the sustainability of human communities. The most expensive, will be the bagasse drying installation, whose payback time, using boiler stackgases as a drying medium, will not exceed 3,5 years. If the input water is at 30 °C the thermal efficiencies are computed for different degrees of superheat and the results are as shown in table 6. This is a major issue and it slows down the growth of engineers and even the growth of those entrepreneurs who like to build up their business. In fact, a simulator would guide the design and the operation of full-scale equipments in order to achieve high extraction standards. Coal is used in cement industry to burn raw material to clinkering temperature, i.e., 1450°C. Mechanical engineering is considered the ‘mother’ of all branches of engineering. Soil Groups for Agricultural Management can be used as a useful tool in agronomic planning, i.e., in soil conservation projects; the VD can be used for the same soil group over the farm. For economic and environmental reasons, however, there is a constant need for reconstruction of sugar factories - mostly to increase the production rate and reduce energy waste and emissions. There is the notion that everything good, everything modern has to come from outside the country. Kenya Engineer has been in publication since 1972. This is to distinguish from Lee et al. Still, I am glad that when you look at the Constitution of this county we are talking about Vision 2030 and empowering the youth. Your role is vital to the efficiency, development and progress of manufacturing and processing industries. Mechanical Engineers work across a range of industries, including aviation, transport, power generation, and manufacturing. Eng., in Energy Developments: New Forms, Renewables, Conservation, 1984. Regular hours with expectation of working overtime when a project demands it. Now, the role of both the electrical and mechanical engineers is chiefly maintenance because as you would guess, a plant like this has a heavy dependence on heavy machinery and other equipments and thus requires quite a bit of maintenance input. Mechanical Engineering Manager plans and directs all aspects of mechanical engineering activities within an organization. Do you like your experience on the Kenya Engineer Website? It is perhaps the most diverse of engineering disciplines. This will lead to an influx of sugar from other countries. Gulhan Ozbayoglu, in Comprehensive Energy Systems, 2018. Considered the broadest engineering discipline, mechanical engineers work in engineering services, research facilities, manufacturing industries, and the federal government. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Help engineers design, develop, test, and manufacture industrial machinery, consumer products, and other equipment. It was based on traditional production systems for many centuries but had a turning point in 1930 when president Vargas created the Sugar and Alcohol Institute (IAA). However, employment … Mechanical Engineering Technology Graduates. By use of Bagasse driers, boiler efficiency can be increased considerably on account of reduction of Bagasse moisture. Table 5 represents the situation during the off-crop season, when the steam extraction ports are closed and the saturated steam is condensed completely in the turbine. Table 6:. Regular hours with expectation of working overtime when a project demands it. 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