Some innovations did take place, for example the Closer Economic Relations (CER) free-trade programme with Australia to liberalise trade, starting in 1982. Muldoon's response to the crisis also involved imposing a total freeze on wages, prices, interest rates and dividends across the national economy. [91], Prior to 1877 schools were operated by the provincial government, churches, or by private subscription. Create New Account. [102][103], The 1909 Native Land Act allowed the Māori to sell land to private buyers. On 6 February 1840, Hobson and about forty Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands. Oct 15, 2015. New Zealand’s flora and fauna. Explorer who sailed from England, mapping the Pacific islands, New Zealand, and Australia from 1768 to 1779: 2 wds. Two waka (canoes) full of Māori men sighted Tasman's boat. Their crews traded European goods, including guns and metal tools, for Māori food, water, wood, flax and sex. [143], Montgomerie shows that the war dramatically increased the roles of women, especially married women, in the labour force. But then, the country boasts of an incredible number of great men and women who stands as a testament to the country’s versatility and superlative talent. Too difficult. Very interesting! According to the future Governor, Captain Arthur Phillip's amended Commission, dated 25 April 1787 the colony of New South Wales included "all the islands adjacent in the Pacific Ocean within the latitudes of 10°37'S and 43°39'S" which included most of New Zealand except for the southern half of the South Island. In March 2020, borders and entry ports of New Zealand were closed to all non-residents. The first Europeans known to reach New Zealand were the crew of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman who arrived in his ships Heemskerck and Zeehaen. [1] In 1643 he charted the west coast of the North Island, his expedition then sailed back to Batavia without setting foot on New Zealand soil. Miles Fairburn and Stephen Haslett, "The Rise of the Left and Working-Class Voting Behavior in New Zealand: New Methods". Greg Ryan, "Drink and the historians: sober reflections on alcohol in New Zealand 1840–1914". Recent Post by Page. After 1880 immigration reduced, and growth was due chiefly to the excess of births over deaths. Featured image by Rich Jones Photography/Getty, “I saw no one; what I did see was a kokako, a tiwaiwaka, and a weka (ie birds), whistling away in the gullies; kokako was ko-ing on the ridges, and tiwaiwaka was flitting about before my face.”. Most of them took traditional female jobs. Most were young people and 250,000 babies were born. Today's crossword puzzle clue is a quick one: Abel who discovered New Zealand. Related hapū would often trade goods and co-operate on major projects, but conflict between hapū was also relatively common. She was an able administrator: she cut the debt, reorganised the fire brigade, and improved the roads and sanitation. From the 1950s Māori began moving to the cities in large numbers, and Māori culture underwent a renaissance. In 1835, the peaceful Moriori of the Chatham Islands were attacked, enslaved, and nearly exterminated by mainland Ngāti Mutunga and Ngāti Tama Māori. [95], In the 1870s and 1880s, several thousand Chinese men, mostly from Guangdong, migrated to New Zealand to work on the South Island goldfields. The practice of immunisation dates back hundreds of years. Best Answer: TASMAN The crossword clue published 1 time/s and has 1 unique answer/s on our system. New Zealand's highly productive agriculture gave it probably the world's highest standard of living, with fewer at the rich and poor ends of the scale. One of the many important artifacts on display is also one of New Zealand's oldest. Clue: Explorer Abel who discovered New Zealand. The shares exchange entered a bubble, which then burst. [156] Many Māori served in the Second World War and learned how to cope in the modern urban world; others moved from their rural homes to the cities to take up jobs vacated by Pākehā servicemen. There was extensive British settlement throughout the rest of the 19th century and into the early part of the next century. However, both the Church of England and the largely Irish Catholic Church rejected prohibition as an intrusion of government into the church's domain, while the growing labour movement saw capitalism rather than alcohol as the enemy. Subsequent governments have generally maintained these policies, although tempering the free market ethos somewhat. Today at 11:00 PM. While attempting to … After Labour lost power in 1949, the conservative National Party began an almost continuous thirty-year stint in government, interrupted by single-term Labour governments in 1957 to 60 and 1972 to 75. Having spent a total of 328 days on the coast, Cook and those with him left a vivid and comprehensive visual and written record of the country’s natural history. This led to the development of a Māori protest movement which in turn led to greater recognition of the Treaty of Waitangi in the late 20th century. The policy built up support for the Liberal party in rural North Island electorates. According to Māori myth, New Zealand (Aotearoa in the Māori language) was discovered by Kupe, a fisherman and Rangatira (chief) from Hawaiki. We will try to find the right answer to this particular crossword clue. The Company resold the best tracts to British settlers; its profits were used to pay the travel of the immigrants from Britain.[71][72]. The country is the size of Colorado. In 1834 he encouraged Māori chiefs to assert their sovereignty with the signing of the Declaration of Independence (He Whakaputanga) in 1835. (They merged in 1936 to form the New Zealand National Party.) The Advances to Settlers Act of 1894 provided low-interest mortgages, while the Agriculture Department disseminated information on the best farming methods. In February 2011, a major earthquake in Christchurch, the nation's third largest urban area, significantly impacted the national economy and the government formed the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority in response. Biosecurity New Zealand said the mite got its name because it eats tomato plants, is red, and makes silk webbing to protect itself and its eggs, like some spiders do. At the other end of the scale, tribes that frequently encountered Europeans, such as Ngāpuhi in Northland, underwent major changes. From about 1865, the economy lapsed into a long depression as a result of the withdrawal of British troops, peaking of gold production in 1866[76] and Vogel's borrowing and the associated debt burden (especially on land). Recent Post by Page. [134] However its appeals to working class solidarity were not effective because a large fraction of the working class voted for conservative candidates of the Liberal and Reform parties. The pre-war era saw the advent of party politics, with the establishment of the Liberal Government. [80] Middle-class women employed the media (especially newspapers) to communicate with each other and define their priorities. Reformers hoped that the women's vote, in which New Zealand was a pioneer, would swing the balance, but the women were not as well organised as in other countries. Polynesian explorers arrived in New Zealand by canoe 700 years ago, and named it Aotearoa, which means ‘the land of the long white cloud’. [160], The country's economy suffered in the aftermath of the 1973 global energy crisis, the loss of New Zealand's biggest export market upon Britain's entry to the European Economic Community, and rampant inflation. New Zealand is a remote, mountainous group of islands in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. This was not possible in the south of the South Island, but wild plants such as fernroot were often available and cabbage trees were harvested and cultivated for food. Still on the fence? Wellington New Zealand history information and historical places. By the late 1960s a Māori protest movement had emerged to combat racism, promote Māori culture and seek fulfilment of the Treaty of Waitangi. Hendrik Brouwer proved that the South American land was a small island in 1643, and Dutch cartographers subsequently renamed Tasman's discovery Nova Zeelandia, from Latin, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. However, this was a transitional arrangement and on 1 July 1841 New Zealand became a colony in its own right. Resisting and co-operating iwi both found that Pākehā desire for land remained. Log In. Our quizzes will keep you busy for hours. The arrival of Kupe is of great importance, and many tribes are at pains to cite a relationship to him. While New Zealand used to be known as a ’little Britain’, it has matured and established its own identity – one with a stronger focus on its indigenous people - Māori - and on its neighbours in the Pacific and Asia. [53], Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) whalers, sealers and traders. Sign up to receive news, updates and exclusives from BBC Earth and related content from BBC Studios by email. If asked the question “Who discovered New Zealand?” many of us would answer, without really thinking, “Captain James Cook” and after centuries of a European-dominated view of history, it’s no wonder it has taken so long to shake this perspective. The newly created welfare state promised government support to individuals "from the cradle to the grave", according to the Labour slogan. The person behind the discovery of Proton, Ernest was a physicist born in New Zealand. Captain William Hobson was sent to New Zealand by the British government with instructions to persuade Māori to cede their sovereignty to the British Crown. It included free health care and education, and state assistance for the elderly, infirm, and unemployed. By 1935 economic conditions had improved somewhat, and the new government had more positive financial conditions. A long-running dispute between New Zealand and Australia over who invented the pavlova dessert may be over after the Oxford English Dictionary lists its origins. From that perspective, New Zealand was first spotted on December 13, 1642 by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman and explored by Captain James Cook in 1769. He left New Zealand on January 4, 1643, at North Cape, under the impression that he had probably discovered the west coast of the southern continent, which might be connected with the “Staten Landt” (Staten Island) discovered by W.C. Schouten and Jacques Le Maire south of South America—hence the name of Staten Landt, which Tasman gave to his discovery in honour of … Explorer Abel who discove. First to arrive were ancestors of Māori. It was again discovered by Europeans in the eighteenth century. The leases were renewed automatically, which gave the wealthy pastoralists a strong landed interest and made them a powerful political force. [13][14], The original settlers quickly exploited the abundant large game in New Zealand, such as moa, which were large flightless ratites pushed to extinction by about 1500. Maoriene kalte landet Aotearoa, som gjerne oversettes «den lange hvite skyens land».. New Zealand består i hovedsak av Nordøya og Sørøya.Hovedstaden er Wellington, som ligger sør på Nordøya.New Zealand har 4,6 millioner innbyggere (2015). Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. The passage of 120,000 was paid by the colonial government. Those policies favoured the left but it also was pro-German. Human-size 'monster' penguin species discovered in New Zealand The extinct penguin was more than 5 feet tall and weighed more than 170 pounds. There was no radical change in gender roles but the war intensified occupational trends under way since the 1920s. Due to his conviction and three-year imprisonment for abducting an heiress, his role in forming the New Zealand Company was necessarily out of sight from the public. [58], The New Zealand Company was responsible for 15,500 settlers coming to New Zealand. [125] The heroism of the soldiers in the failed campaign made their sacrifices iconic in New Zealand memory, and is often credited with securing the psychological independence of the nation. The first Europeans known to reach New Zealand were the crew of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman who arrived in his ships Heemskerck and Zeehaen. But the governor, and through him the Colonial Office in London, retained control of native policy until the mid-1860s. When World War II broke out in 1939, New Zealand contributed to the defence of Britain and the Pacific War; the country contributed some 120,000 troops. Christopher de Mendonca discovered Australia circa 1520 for the Portuguese, much before the Dutch and the English pirate Cook. The body of a young climber killed more than 40 years ago has been discovered at the foot of New Zealand’s Tasman glacier. A significant number refused to sign or were not asked but, in total, more than five hundred Māori eventually signed. The interventionist policies of the Third National Government were replaced by "Rogernomics", a commitment to a free market economy. Kupe’s fishing grounds were being troubled by an octopus, who kept eating all the bait off of the fisherman’s lines. They organised sports teams to entice the young and preserved an idealised Scottish national myth (based on Robert Burns) for the elderly. Land was usually not given up without discussion and consultation. [162] In the 1984 elections Labour promised to calm down the increasing tensions, while making no specific promises; it scored a landslide victory. Local banks – notably the Bank of New Zealand and the Colonial Bank of New Zealand — were "reckless" and permitted "a frenzy of private borrowing". Tomatoes New Zealand general manager Helen Barnes said it was now working with MPI and other industry groups on the response to … As a result of the influx of settlers, the Pākehā population grew explosively from fewer than 1000 in 1831 to 500,000 by 1881. [38] In 1825 with Van Diemen's Land becoming a separate colony, the southern boundary of New South Wales was altered[39] to the islands adjacent in the Pacific Ocean with a southern boundary of 39°12'S which included only the northern half of the North Island. [189] She sent troops to the War in Afghanistan, but did not contribute combat troops to the Iraq War although some medical and engineering units were sent. Dutchman Abel Tasman was the first European to discover New Zealand in 1642, but after a violent encounter with Maori ‘waka’ off South Island, he set sail without landing. After the war, New Zealand signed the Treaty of Versailles (1919), joined the League of Nations, and pursued an independent foreign policy, while its defence was still controlled by Britain. However the welfare state system was retained and expanded by successive National and Labour governments until the 1980s. [194], On 15 March 2019, a lone terrorist shooter attacked two mosques during Friday Prayer, killing 51 people and injuring 40 more,[195][196] and live streamed the attack. [69] The settlers soon won the right to responsible government (with an executive supported by a majority in the elected assembly). [161], Muldoon's conservatism and antagonistic style exacerbated an atmosphere of conflict in New Zealand, most violently expressed during the 1981 Springbok Tour. Abel Tasman was the first European explorer to come to New Zealand in 1642. [26] By 1840 over 20 stations had been established. Kupe travelled around the North Island naming many of the locations he passed and vowed never to return to the land he discovered. From the 1930s the economy was highly regulated and an extensive welfare state was developed. A long-running dispute between New Zealand and Australia over who invented the pavlova dessert may be over after the Oxford English Dictionary lists its origins. Tasman’s New Zealand expedition was cut short after he was attacked by Maori; he subsequently sailed northward to Tonga. [54], Governor Hobson died on 10 September 1842. There is public debate about whether New Zealand should become a republic, and public sentiment is divided on the issue. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer. Jon Henning, "New Zealand: An Antipodean Exception to Master and Servant Rules". The history of New Zealand (Aotearoa) dates back approximately 700 years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture. ( 2003-11-08 09:47) (Xinhua) An amateur English historian believes that Chinese discovered New Zealand … [157] The shift to the cities was also caused by their strong birth rates in the early 20th century, with the existing rural farms in Māori ownership having increasing difficulty in providing enough jobs. HMS New Zealand cost New Zealand taxpayers £1.7 million (equivalent to $300 million in 2020). By 1950 it was the main line of communications between the British and New Zealand governments. Discover the sights of New Zealand in this epic 17 Day Guided Holiday and experience the contrasts of both the North and South Islands. Under Prime Minister Clark, foreign policy reflected the priorities of liberal internationalism. [123] The movement kept trying in the 1920s, losing three more referenda by close votes; it managed to keep in place a 6 pm closing hour for pubs and Sunday closing (leading to the so-called six o'clock swill). [184] In power for nine years, it maintained most of the previous governments' economic reforms – restricting government intervention in the economy much more so than previous governments – while putting more of an emphasis on social policy and outcomes. [92], From 1840 there was considerable European settlement, primarily from England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland; and to a lesser extent the United States, India, China, and various parts of continental Europe, including the province of Dalmatia[93] in what is now Croatia, and Bohemia[94] in what is now the Czech Republic. Logos © 1996. Officials and missionaries had their own positions and reputations to protect. ACID WA234 Record 23a Prisoners of War Roll, August 1914 - November 1918. Christianity was introduced to New Zealand in 1814 by Samuel Marsden, who travelled to the Bay of Islands where he founded a mission station on behalf of the Church of England's Church Missionary Society. The English version can be said to give the British Crown sovereignty over New Zealand; but in the Māori version, the Crown receives kāwanatanga, which, arguably, is a lesser power (see interpretations of the Treaty). Edward Jenner is considered the founder of vaccinology in the West in 1796, after he inoculated a 13 year-old-boy with vaccinia Ian Hunter, "Risk, Persistence, and Focus: A Lifecycle of the Entrepreneur". As moa and other large game became scarce or extinct, Māori culture underwent major change, with regional differences. Willem became the first European to reach on Australia’s shores in 1606, James was the first European to reach at the eastern coastline of Australia and Dirk Hartog’s expedition reached the western coast of Australia in 1616 In 1645 Dutch cartographers changed the name to Nova Zeelandia in Latin, from Nieuw Zeeland, after the Dutch province of Zeeland.[16]. [55], Settlement continued under British plans, inspired by a vision of New Zealand as a new land of opportunity. [26] In the 1840s, there were probably a higher percentage of Christians attending services among Māori than among people in the United Kingdom,[36] and their moral practices and spiritual lives were transformed. In 1935, the First Labour Government was elected, and the post-depression decade showed that average Labour support in New Zealand had roughly doubled comparable to pre-depression times. There was also another tribe on the Chatham islands these were Maori who migrated away from New Zealand. One constitutional link to Britain remains – New Zealand's head of state, the Queen in Right of New Zealand, is a British resident. [135] From 1935 the First Labour Government showed a limited degree of idealism in foreign policy, for example opposing the appeasement of Germany and Japan. This private colonisation project was part of the reason that the British Colonial Office decided to speed up its plans for the annexation of New Zealand. [186], New Zealand retains strong but informal links to Britain, with many young New Zealanders travelling to Britain for their "OE" (overseas experience)[187] due to favourable working visa arrangements with Britain. Enjoy a local connection in picturesque Hinuera Valley, journey through farmland to the turquoise torrent known as Huka Falls and immerse yourself in New Zealand’s Maori culture at Tamaki Maori Village. When the ship visited the dominion in 1913 for 10 weeks as part of a world tour, an estimated 500,000 New Zealanders – half the population - inspected their gift to Mother England. [105][106], The Liberal government laid the foundations of the later comprehensive welfare state: introducing old age pensions; maximum hour regulations; pioneering minimum wage laws;[107] and developing a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions, to start with. [citation needed]. Tasman anchored at the northern end of the South Island in Golden Bay (he named it Murderers' Bay) in December 1642 and sailed northward to Tonga following an attack by local Māori. New Zealand is an island country located in the south-western Pacific Ocean. Tasman called them Staten Landt, after the States General of the Netherlands, and that name appeared on his first maps of the country. Crossword Clue The crossword clue European explorer who discovered New Zealand with 10 letters was last seen on the October 08, 2017.We think the likely answer to this clue is ABELTASMAN.Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. Wellington history dates back as far as 950 AD according to Māori legend. Erik Olssen, "Mr. Wakefield and New Zealand as an Experiment in Post-Enlightenment Experimental Practice". However, a 2010 study, headed by Janet M. Wilmshurst of New Zealand's Landcare Research, carbon dated samples and found the evidence of human colonisation to be between around 1230-1280AD. The Education Act of 1877 created New Zealand's first free national system of primary education, establishing standards that educators should meet, and making education compulsory for children aged 5 to 15. National Prime Minister Sidney Holland called a snap election as a result of the 1951 waterfront dispute, an incident that reinforced National's dominance and severely weakened the union movement. [131][132], After the war New Zealand signed the Treaty of Versailles (1919), joined the League of Nations and pursued an independent foreign policy, while its defence was still controlled by Britain. Kerikeri, founded in 1822, and Bluff founded in 1823, both claim to be the oldest European settlements in New Zealand. [140] They mostly fought in North Africa, Greece/Crete, and Italy, relying on the Royal Navy and later the United States to protect New Zealand from the Japanese forces. BBC is a trademark of the British Broadcasting Corporation. [74] Successive governments expanded the program with offices across Britain that enticed settlers and gave them and their families one-way tickets.[75]. However, in some versions he travelled as far south as Arahura on the South … [124] The Depression and war years effectively ended the movement. European (Pākehā) settlement increased through the early decades of the 19th century, with numerous trading stations established, especially in the North Island. Peter J. Coleman, "New Zealand Liberalism and the Origins of the American Welfare State". See more of VICE New Zealand on Facebook. The first European visitor to New Zealand, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, named the islands Staten Land, believing they were part of the Staten Landt that Jacob Le Maire had sighted off the southern end of South America. [147], Cooperation with the United States set a direction of policy which resulted in the ANZUS Treaty between New Zealand, America and Australia in 1951, as well as participation in the Korean War. However, his successor, George Grey, promoted rapid cultural assimilation and reduction of the land-ownership, influence and rights of the Māori. In 1642, while searching for this continent, Tasman sighted a ‘large … Despite a brief boom in wheat, prices for farm products sagged. VICE New Zealand. [33] As a result, guns became very valuable and Māori would trade huge quantities of goods for a single musket. However, British imperial honours were discontinued in 1996, the governor-general has taken a more active role in representing New Zealand overseas, and appeals from the Court of Appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council were replaced by a local Supreme Court of New Zealand in 2003. By the 1840s, however, large scale sheep stations were exporting large quantities of wool to the textile mills of England. [79], Although norms of masculinity were dominant, strong minded women originated a feminist movement starting in the 1860s, well before women gained the right to vote in 1893. Modern New Zealand has inherited much from its British settlers - our language, democratic institutions, legal system and more. Cable cars like these run through Wellington, the capital of New Zealand. The Reform Party and the United Party merged to become the National Party, and would be Labour's main rival in future years. Fossil of large 'walking' bat discovered in New Zealand reveals ancient lineage. [178] Unhappy with what seemed to be a pattern of governments failing to reflect the mood of the electorate, New Zealanders in 1992 and 1993 voted to change the electoral system to mixed-member proportional (MMP), a form of proportional representation. The practical effect of the Treaty was, in the beginning, only gradually felt, especially in predominantly Māori regions, where the settler government had little or no authority. Tasman anchored at the northern end of the South Island in Golden Bay (he named it Murderers' Bay) in December 1642 and sailed northward to Tonga following an attack by local Māori. [77] The country lost people through emigration, mostly to Australia. New claims that Portuguese and Spanish explorers discovered New Zealand a century before Abel Tasman sighted "a large land, uplifted high" have today been rubbished by a Kiwi historian. From the 1790s, the waters around New Zealand were visited by British, French and American whaling, sealing and trading ships. It was last seen in The USA Today quick crossword. He argued that the Pākehā could not be trusted to pass laws that would protect the interests of the Māori majority – already there had been Treaty violations – and persuaded his political superiors to postpone its introduction for five years. It was discovered by Willem Janszoon, a Dutch navigator, Captain James Cook, a British explorer and Dirk Hartog, a Dutch explorer. New Zealand lies at the bottom of Oceania, a region made up of thousands of islands scattered across the massive expanse of the Pacific Ocean, and these islands were explored and settled centuries before Europeans arrived by various Pacific peoples. [144][145], Labour remained in power after the Second World War and in 1945, Labour Prime Minister Peter Fraser played an important role in the establishment of the United Nations, of which New Zealand was a founding member. The variation could be due to the tribes wishing to link themselves to Kupe. This is a commercial website from BBC Studios. "'The Most Appeasing Line': New Zealand and Nazi Germany, 1935–40". Gold discoveries in Otago (1861) and Westland (1865), caused a worldwide gold rush that more than doubled the population in a short period, from 71,000 in 1859 to 164,000 in 1863. It consistently advocated negotiations with Nazi Germany, signed a trade agreement with it, welcomed the Munich agreement of 1938 regarding the division of Czechoslovakia, discouraged public criticism of the Nazi regime, and pursued a slow rearmament programme. [40], New Zealand was first mentioned in British statute in the Murders Abroad Act 1817. It denounced Italy's role in Ethiopia and sympathized with the republican forces in the Spanish Civil War. [27], The effect of contact on Māori varied. Set yourself free and travel New Zealand by car. VICE Video. Instead they approached the nation's problems pragmatically, keeping in mind the constraints imposed by democratic public opinion. raman December 15, 2011 Comments Off on Who discovered Australia? In 1840 the Treaty of Waitangi was signed between representatives of the United Kingdom and various Māori chiefs, bringing New Zealand into the British Empire and giving Māori the same rights as British subjects. Now only the government was allowed to purchase land from Māori, who received cash. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 6 letters long and begins with T Already a majority of the population by 1859, the number of Pākehā settlers increased rapidly to reach over one million by 1916. Life expectancy grew from 49 years in 1926 to 60 years in 1961 and the total numbers grew rapidly. Demands overseas by Hoani te Whatahoro [ 111 ], Prior to 1877 schools were operated by 1840s! 500 went overseas 51 ] this represented the first European explorer to come to New Zealand first.... 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Developed their own and spread it throughout the rest received work close to the Labour slogan Labour 's main in... He discovered New Zealand expedition was cut in half from 65 % to 33 % debate! Dutch navigator Abel Tasman in 1642 but, in total, more 5! People through emigration, mostly to Australia debated, as the Pākehā population grew from... Provinces were reorganised in 1846, the first settlers were self-sufficient farmers relationship him. The armed forces peaked at 157,000 in September 1942 ; 135,000 served Abroad and! J. Coleman, `` family Matters ( there were a huge influence in the 1901 census only. For farm products sagged d. ian Pool, `` Drink and the British Labour governments the! Lead to great difficulties as at Waitara. [ 64 ] robert FitzRoy, the reforms... Gipps was appointed governor over New Zealand were the crew of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman 159 ], the growth! Indigenous people, of New Zealand were visited by British, flooded in while New Zealand in 1642 September... And reinvesting profits rather than European sources into force [ 12 ] there is debate about whether Zealand! Accused it of undermining free enterprise and hard work but these are widely!

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