Its seed, bark, flower, and leaves are used to make medicine. Sweet Chestnut is a medium to large deciduous tree growing to 20–35 m (66–115 ft.) tall making a handsome specimen in any park or garden. Roman soldiers were given chestnut porridge before going into battle. Leaves are also used in the treatment of rheumatism, to comfort lower back pains and to relieve stiff muscles and joints. [41] Organic acids are thought to play an important role against diseases as an antioxidant. [8], Sweet chestnut has been listed as one of the 38 substances used to prepare Bach flower remedies,[23] a kind of alternative medicine promoted for its supposed effect on health. (16), Oxalate is an Ion which is associated with increased risk of developing kidney stones. Calories 350 Kcal. Spanish Chestnut tree fruits - Castanea sativa - Indre et Loire, France. [51] Organic acids are also affected by high temperatures: their content decreases about 50% after frying, and 15% after boiling. Sweet Chestnut is a native of the Mediterranean and first introduced and grown in the UK by the Romans, who used the fruits to make a porridge, called pollenta in Latin, which is still eaten but only in the poorer regions of southern Europe. Sep 29, 2017 - Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa) - fruit close up - September 2017 Sweet chestnut is native to southern Europe, western Asia and north Africa. But nowadays due to its higher nutritional values as well as its unique taste it is grown throughout the world. The water in which you boil the chestnuts along with its shell or bark is rich in Tannins. £19.95. [12] In the beginning of the Christian era, people probably started to realize the value and versatility of sweet chestnut wood, leading to a slow spread of the cultivation of C. sativa trees, a theory that is supported by pollen data and literary sources, as well as the increased use of sweet chestnut wood as poles and in supporting structures, wood works and pier building between A.D. 100 and 600. Young leaves may have hairs on the lower surface. The sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa), sometimes called European chestnut, Spanish chestnut or Portuguese chestnut is a family of trees.. As we all know that antioxidants are required by the body to clean the toxins and free radicals. Recent searches: Search Results for Chestnut Tree Fruit Stock Photos … It can reach up to 12 metres within 20 years, and up to a final maximum height of around 30 metres. ... Free postage. The timber is strong and durable, and can be used for construction, furniture and long poles. A standard 3 spoons of crushed bark or equivalent chestnuts with shells in a liter of water boiled for about 20 minutes and consumed in the form of 2-3 cups in a day is considered safe.(6). [25] Harvest time is between middle of September and middle of November. Tannins, when taken in controlled amounts, can relieve you from Diarrhea. Whichever method you choose, wrap the cooked chestnuts in a damp tea towel to keep them warm while you peel the others. This helps to prevent the spikes and drops in blood sugars that are dangerous for diabetic patients, and are often precursors to the development of diabetes in those currently unaffected.(5). The raw nuts, with their pithy skin around the seed, are somewhat astringent. Sweet chestnut treatments, common diseases and pests of this fruit tree The sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) is a species that originated from countries near the Mediterranean Sea. Oven-baking is a suitable way of doing large batches of nuts. As we all know that teeth are the strongest bones in the body. These chestnut varieties include; Castanea crenata: known as either the ‘Japanese chestnut’ or ‘Korean chestnut.’ Fresh chestnuts keep for a week at room temperature and will sweeten up if left in a single layer where the air can get at them. It’s a good idea to tremble the tray to turn the nuts every ten minutes or so. It is thought to have survived the last Ice Age in several refuges in southern Europe, on the southern coast of the Black Sea with a main centre on the southern slope of the Caucasus and in the region of north-western Syria, possibly extending into Lebanon. Calories from Fat 35.19 Kcal. Two of the finest Sweet Chestnut varieties have been hand selected for both their shiny dark Mahogany nuts. Image of autumn, horizontal, background - 35626391 Nutritional value of Chestnuts, european, dried, peeled, Nutritional value of Chestnuts, european, roasted, Sweet Chestnuts facts and health benefits. Dried or cooked nuts are used in confectionery, pastries, chocolates, puddings, desserts and cakes. The female flowers grow into the spiny green fruit containing one–three edible nuts. [28] It is a heat-loving tree which needs a long vegetation period. Raw chestnuts have a very hard, crunchy texture that gets softer after being cooked or roasted. Potassium controls water movement within the body, and also functions as a vasodilator, increasing blood flow and releasing the tension on constricted blood vessels and arteries. [5] Some cultivars only produce one large seed per cupule, while others produce up to three seeds. However, even after heating sweet chestnuts, antioxidant activity remains relatively high. Roast the chestnuts till the shell splits open at the cut or you see steam or hear them hissing. in Europe, from its origin to its diffusion on a continental scale", "Genetic structure of Castanea sativa in Turkey: evidence of a hybrid zone", 10.1002/1099-1417(200009)15:6<621::AID-JQS524>3.0.CO;2-L, "Reworking the idea of chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) Sweet Chestnut is a native of the Mediterranean and first introduced and grown in the UK by the Romans , who used the fruits to make a porridge, called pollenta in Latin, which is still eaten but only in the poorer regions of southern Europe. However, high sugar amounts seem to have a negative impact on the fiber content. Fresh chestnuts contain vitamin C and are much lower in fat than other nuts and contain twice as much starch as a potato, earning the chestnut tree the nickname “bread tree” in some regions of the world. Pierce a few holes in the bag and put them in the fridge for 3 months. After a year, the young trees are being transplanted.[25]. Apart from their sweet taste, sweet chestnut is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Sweet … Find Sweet Chestnut Fruit Half Split Seeds stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The current height of our Sweet Chestnut trees is approximately 20-40cm and they can be planted out all year round. When edible chestnuts are boiled the nuts have a similar texture to potatoes, with a sweet nutty flavor. Ellagic acid suppresses the hormone secretion thus bringing a control over the overactive thyroid gland.(15). Examples can be seen particularly in the London Boroughs of Islington and Camden. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY There are dozens of chestnuts cultivated around the world, but there are five main species. In the past, its characteristic and nutritional components gave sweet chestnut an important role in human nutrition due to its beneficial health effects. Featuring over 42,000,000 stock photos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics and clipart graphic images. Sep 14, 2018 - Sweet Chestnut - leaves & fruit - September 2018 Chestnuts are in season from October to December. It is a species of flowering plant in the family Fagaceae and is cultivated throughout the temperate world. [14] Further clues pointing to this theory can be found in the work of Pliny the Elder, who mentions only Greek colonies in connection with sweet chestnut cultivation. Other common names include "Spanish chestnut",[2] or "marron" (French for "chestnut"). Slit the shells as described above, then put the nuts in a pan on the stovetop, under a grill, on a BBQ or (if you really want to be traditional) on a shovel in the embers of a fire. Furthermore, a visual sorting is not possible. Both 'Marron de Lyon' and 'Paragon' produce fruits with a single large kernel (rather than 2 - 4 smaller kernels) and so are preferred for commercial production[238]. Split the shells as described above, put the chestnuts in a single layer on a microwave-safe plate, and blast them on full power for two minutes (in a 850W oven). Ancient Greek… They are anti-inflammatory, expectorant, tonic and astringent. [7] The sweet chestnut is naturallyself incompatible, meaning that the plant cannot pollinate itself, making cross-pollination necessary. Sweet Chestnut Trees. Calories 369 Kcal. Kiwifruit Sweet chestnut Food, plastic bag packing, miscellaneous, dried Fruit, fruit png brown almonds, Juice Almond milk Nut Dried fruit, almond, food, fruit, cocoa Bean png brown nut, Walnut High-definition television Nucule, Walnut, food, dried Fruit, nuts png Chestnuts have also been used to make flour and for animal feed. [21] Nowadays, sweet chestnut production is sometimes seen at a turning point again, because the development of high-value sweet chestnut products combined with changing needs of an urban society is leading to a revival in C. sativa cultivation. A sugar can be extracted from them. The sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) is unlike most other hard-shelled nuts. stock photo 239212732 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations. Chestnuts have a mildly sweet taste and can easily be added to a variety of different dishes. Sweet Chestnuts : History. The edge of the leaf is serrated bit like teeth on a saw, acuminate tip, oblique base, coriaceous, glabrous, pale green and puberulous on the under surfaces. In Switzerland, it is often served as Vermicelles. Foods that are high in dietary fiber, like chestnuts, are considered low glycemic foods, which mean they cause blood sugar to rise more slowly. The fruit yield per tree is usually between 30–100 kg, but can get as high as 300 kg. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] At this time of year, under big old gnarled and twisted sweet chestnut trees (Castanea sativa), the vibrant green fruit-husks called ‘cupules’ litter the ground, resembling a colony of spiky sea urchins.Usually, they have split slightly open to reveal three or … Why prune a sweet chestnut tree? Without antioxidants our body would be fighting battles on far more fronts, so increasing your defenses with a handful of chestnuts a day is not a bad idea.(12). ... Insect Barrier Glue is the easy way to stop crawling pests. Chestnut is one of the world’s most popular and unique nut-bearing trees. Sweet chestnuts can be grown from seed, but the resulting tree could take as long as 20 years before producing fruit! Sweet Chestnuts are a low-oxalate food source. [5] The nut itself is composed of two skins: an external, shiny brown part, and an internal skin adhering to the fruit. Chestnut fruit covered by spikes last August. After water treatment, the sweet chestnuts are stored in a controlled environment with high carbon dioxide concentrations. Download royalty-free Fresh sweet chestnut fruit isolated on white copy space closeup stock photo 333326302 from Depositphotos collection of millions of premium high-resolution stock photos, vector images and illustrations. In other European countries, C. sativa has only been introduced recently, for example in Slovakia or the Netherlands.[22]. [30] As an alternative to water curing, hot water treatment is also commercially used. They can also be used in confections, puddings, desserts and cakes. (2), (3), (4), Most of us are unaware of the significant role that dietary fiber plays in the regulation, prevention and management of diabetes. The skin of raw peeled chestnuts can be relatively easily removed by quickly blanching the nuts after scoring them by a cross slit at the tufted end. Sweet Chestnut Tree, CASTANEA SATIVA, hardy fruit plant, edible nut, 15-20cm. The main types of chestnuts include: American chestnut; Sweet chestnut (also called Spanish chestnut) Chinese chestnut; Japanese/Korean chestnut Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. These good fats, found in high concentrations in chestnuts, help to balance our cholesterol, decrease inflammation all through the body, and lower the risk of atherosclerosis and blood clots building up in the body. It has a deep tap root and barks are normally grey-purple and smooth, which develops vertical fissures with age. Spanish chestnut is a wonderful huge shade tree for parks, estates and avenues and occasionally planted for erosion control in Mediterranean countries. Slit the shells as described above and bake the chestnuts on a tray at 200C till the shells split open at the cut, which should take around half an hour. When edible chestnuts are boiled the nuts have a similar texture to potatoes, with a sweet nutty flavor. Chestnuts are a lot of work to prepare, but here are a couple of methods that will give you better and faster results. Sweet Chestnuts : History. [47][50] Vitamin C significantly decreases between 25-54 % when boiled and 2-77 % when roasted. [42] The energy value per 100 g (3.5 oz) of C. sativa amounts to 891 kJ (213 kcal). This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 18:10. [26], The sweet chestnut tree grows well on limestone-free, deeply weathered soil. Plant is normally found growing in mild cool climate Mediterranean or sub-temperate climate with good annual rainfall and adequate moisture and thrives in deep well-drained, fertile, sandy or loamy soils. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. The tree requires a mild climate and adequate moisture for good growth and a good nut harvest. the tree only starts producing chestnuts after the age of 35 to 55? 6 Natural Foods that Support Heart Health, Facts about Nannyberry ~ Viburnum lentago, Health benefits of Tayberry ~ Rubus fruticosus x idaeus, Top 11 benefits of Rhubarb (Garden rhubarb), Health benefits of Salal – Gaultheria shallon, Uses and benefits of Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus, Facts about Sea Holly – Eryngium maritimum, Traditional uses of Scurvy Grass – Cochlearia officinalis, Traditional uses of Sugarberry – Celtis laevigata. [5] Their large genetic diversity and different cultivars are exploited for uses such as flour, boiling, roasting, drying, sweets or wood. 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